ALABAMA EXPUNGEMENT STATUTE

THE ALABAMA EXPUNGEMENT STATUTE IS PART OF THE CODE OF ALABAMAALABAMA EXPUNGEMENT STATUTE

The most pertinent portion of the expungement law is set out below.  The full text of the statute can be found at Alabama Code § 15-27-1 et seq.  For information on the statute and facts regarding Alabama expungement view these other pages:

THE ALABAMA EXPUNGEMENT STATUTE

§15-27-1

(a) A person who has been charged with a misdemeanor criminal offense, a violation, a traffic violation, or a municipal ordinance violation may file a petition in the criminal division of the circuit court in the county in which the charges were filed, to expunge records relating to the charge in any of the following circumstances: (1) When the charge is dismissed with prejudice. (2) When the charge has been no billed by a grand jury. (3) When the person has been found not guilty of the charge. (4) When the charge was dismissed without prejudice more than two years ago, has not been refiled, and the person has not been convicted of any other felony or misdemeanor crime, any violation, or any traffic violation, excluding minor traffic violations, during the previous two years. (b) The circuit court shall have exclusive jurisdiction of a petition filed under subsection (a).

§ 15-27-2

(a) A person who has been charged with a felony offense, except a violent offense as defined in Section 12-25-32(14), may file a petition in the criminal division of the circuit court in the county in which the charges were filed, to expunge records relating to the charge in any of the following circumstances:
(1) When the charge is dismissed with prejudice.
(2) When the charge has been no billed by a grand jury.
(3) When the person has been found not guilty of the charge.
(4) a. The charge was dismissed after successful completion of a drug court program, mental health court program, diversion program, veteran’s court, or any court-approved deferred prosecution program after one year from successful completion of the program.
b. Expungement may be a court-ordered condition of a program listed in paragraph a.
(5) The charge was dismissed without prejudice more than five years ago, has not been refiled, and the person has not been convicted of any other felony or misdemeanor crime, any violation, or any traffic violation, excluding minor traffic violations, during the previous five years.
(6) Ninety days have passed from the date of dismissal with prejudice, no-bill, acquittal, or nolle prosequi and the charge has not been refiled.
(b) The circuit court shall have exclusive jurisdiction of a petition filed under subsection (a).

§15-27-3

(a) A petition filed under this chapter shall include a sworn statement made by the person seeking expungement under the penalty of perjury stating that the person has satisfied the requirements set out in this chapter and whether he or she has previously applied for an expungement in any jurisdiction and whether an expungement has been previously granted.
(b) The petitioner shall include a certified record of arrest, disposition, or the case action summary from the appropriate agency for the court record the petitioner seeks to have expunged as well as a certified official criminal record obtained from the Alabama Criminal Justice Information Center. In addition to setting forth grounds for the court to consider, the petitioner shall specify what criminal charges from the record are to be considered, further specify the agency or department that made the arrest and any agency or department where the petitioner was booked or was incarcerated or detained pursuant to the arrest or charge sought to be expunged.
(c) A petitioner shall serve the district attorney, the law enforcement agency, and clerk of court of the jurisdiction for which the records are sought to be expunged, a copy of the petition, and the sworn affidavit. The district attorney shall review the petition and may make reasonable efforts to notify the victim if the petition has been filed seeking an expungement under circumstances enumerated in paragraph a. of subdivision (4) of Section 15-27-2 involving a victim that is not a governmental entity. The district attorney and the victim shall have a period of 45 days to file a written objection to the granting of the petition or the district attorney shall be deemed to have waived the right to object. The district attorney shall serve the petitioner or the petitioner’s counsel a copy of the written objection.

§ 15-27-5

(a) If the prosecuting authority or victim files an objection to the granting of a petition under this chapter, the court having jurisdiction over the matter shall set a date for a hearing no sooner than 14 days from the filing of the objection. The court shall notify the prosecuting authority and the petitioner of the hearing date. In the discretion of the court, the court shall consider the following factors:
(1) Nature and seriousness of the offense committed.
(2) Circumstances under which the offense occurred.
(3) Date of the offense.
(4) Age of the person when the offense was committed.
(5) Whether the offense was an isolated or repeated incident.
(6) Other conditions which may have contributed to the offense.
(7) An available probation or parole record, report, or recommendation.
(8) Whether the offense was dismissed or nolle prossed as part of a negotiated plea agreement and the petitioner plead guilty to another related or lesser offense.
(9) Evidence of rehabilitation, including good conduct in prison or jail, in the community, counseling or psychiatric treatment received, acquisition of additional academic or vocational schooling, successful business or employment history, and the recommendation of his or her supervisors or other persons in the community.
(10) Any other matter the court deems relevant, which may include, but is not limited to, a prior expungement of the petitioner’s records.
(b) A hearing under subsection (a) shall be conducted in a manner prescribed by the trial judge and shall include oral argument and review of relevant documentation in support of, or in objection to, the granting of the petition. The Alabama Rules of Evidence shall apply to the hearing. Leave of the court shall be obtained for the taking of witness testimony relating to any disputed fact.
(c) There is no right to the expungement of any criminal record, and any request for expungement of a criminal record may be denied at the sole discretion of the court. The court shall grant the petition if it is reasonably satisfied from the evidence that the petitioner has complied with and satisfied the requirements of this chapter. The court shall have discretion over the number of cases that may be expunged pursuant to this chapter after the first case is expunged. The ruling of the court shall be subject to certiorari review and shall not be reversed absent a showing of an abuse of discretion.
(d) If no objection to a petition is filed by the prosecuting authority or victim, the court having jurisdiction over the matter may rule on the merits of the petition without setting the matter for hearing. In such cases, the court shall grant the petition if it is reasonably satisfied from the evidence that the petitioner has complied with and satisfied the requirements of this chapter. The court shall have discretion over the number of cases that may be expunged pursuant to this chapter after the first case is expunged.

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